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Designer name: Pap, Gyula
  1899 - 1983
Gyula Pap was a painter, graphic artist and industrial designer. He started his studies in Vienna, and meanwhile was enlisted and had to fight in the First World War. Afterwards he intended to continue his studies in the private school of Johannes Itten in Berlin. After the closing of this school, Pap applied to the Bauhaus in Weimar. He studied here at the metal department between 1920 and 1923, creating modern designs for kettles and lamps. Between 1923 and 1926 he was living in Nagyszeben, meanwhile he mostly created lithographic sheets. Between 1926 and 1933 he taught in the new school of Johannes Itten in Berlin. In the early 1930’s he worked together with László Moholy-Nagy on advertising designs. In 1934 he returned to Hungary. He painted during his whole life: at first the Constructivist, later biomorph compositions. After 1945, the blue collar workers – factory workers, miners, etc. – became the main topic of his painting. He made Constructivist poster designs in the second half of the 1930’s in Budapest, when Bortnyik and Berény have already left the Modernist poster for a more painting-like manner. Pap brought the functional attitude of the Bauhaus back into Hungarian poster art. One of his most important posters is for Guttmann collar from 1935. He was also an influential teacher between 1949 and 1962, inspiring generations of artists.


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